135132 Persian Ironwood Parrotia persica (Hamamelidaceae) HEIGHT to 12m. A small, spreading deciduous tree with a short bole. BARK Smooth, peels away in flakes, leaving attractive coloured patches; older trees have a pattern of pink, brown and yellow. BRANCHES Mostly level. Young twigs are hairy, and terminate in blackish hairy buds. LEAVES To 7.5cm long, oval with a slightly tapering tip and a rounded base. The margins are wavy or sometimes slightly toothed. They are glossy green above and appear slightly crushed or crinkled, and the underside is slightly hairy. REPRODUCTIVE PARTS Flowers appear before the leaves in early spring; they are short-stalked clusters, reddish and inconspicuous. The fruits are dry capsules that split open to release small pointed, shiny-brown seeds. STATUS AND DISTRIBUTION Native of the Caucasus and N Iran, introduced into Europe as an ornamental tree.