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European White Elm Ulmus laevis (Ulmaceae) HEIGHT to 20m. Broadly spreading tree with an open crown. BARK Grey and smooth when young, deeply furrowed with age. BRANCHES Twigs are reddish-brown and softly downy, but become smooth with age. LEAVES To 13cm long, with markedly unequal bases and toothed margins. Leaf veins are paired, and longer side has 2–3 more veins than the other. Upper leaf surface is usually smooth but underside is normally grey-downy. REPRODUCTIVE PARTS Flowers are produced in long-stalked clusters. Fruits are winged and papery, with a fringe of hairs; in pendulous clusters. STATUS AND DISTRIBUTION Native of mainland Europe, possibly native in Britain in the past but now probably extinct.