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Cedar of Lebanon Cedrus libani (Pinaceae) HEIGHT to 40m. Mature tree is flat-topped with immense trunk in old trees. BARK Dark grey, fissured and ridged, becoming dark brown in very old trees. BRANCHES Main ones are massive and ascending; smaller, lateral branches level, supporting flat plates of foliage. LEAVES Needles, to 3cm long, usually in clusters of only 10–15 on short shoots, singly if growing on long shoots. REPRODUCTIVE PARTS Male cones greyish or blue-green and erect, to 7.5cm long. Mature female cones are solid, ovoid, to 12cm long and 7cm across, ripening from purple-green to brown. STATUS AND DISTRIBUTION Native of mountain forests of E Mediterranean; widely planted here in parks and gardens since 1640.