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Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis L 12cm. Delightful, colourful bird. Yellow wingbars and white rump seen in flight is unique. Sexes are similar. Adult has striking black and white pattern on head, and red face. Back is buffish brown and underparts are mainly whitish, suffused pale buff on flanks and sides of breast. Wings are black with yellow wingbar and white tips to flight feathers; black tail feathers are white-tipped. Bill is narrow, conical and pale pinkish buff. Juvenile is mainly pale buffish white, streaked brown on flanks and back. Wings are black with a yellow wingbar. Voice Utters a tinkling, trisyllabic call. Song is twittering and rapid. Status Widespread. Common in breeding season in scrub, deciduous woodland and mature gardens. At other times, forms roving flocks that feed on thistle and teasel seeds; many birds migrate to mainland Europe in winter.