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Cultivated Apple Malus domestica (Rosaceae) HEIGHT to 15m. A familiar orchard tree producing copious quantities of edible fruits. BARK Usually brown and fissured. BRANCHES Tangled unless pruned. The twigs are downy. LEAVES Up to 13cm long, elliptical and rounded at the base with a slightly pointed tip and toothed margin. They are slightly downy on the upper surface and normally very downy on the lower surface. REPRODUCTIVE PARTS Flowers are white or tinged with pink and, in some varieties, produced abundantly in short-stalked clusters. The fruits are normally larger than 5cm in diameter and indented at the pedicel. A great variety of shapes, sizes, tastes and colours exist. STATUS AND DISTRIBUTION Almost al¬ways found in cultivation in orchards and gardens across much of Britain and Ireland. Occasionally naturalized, or found in isolated places where human habitation once occurred, or where apple cores, containing seeds (‘pips’) have been discarded. Cultivated Apple is a hybrid species, probably between the wild Crab Apple M. sylvestris and M. dasyphylla, and possibly M. praecox.