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Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus L 18cm. Confiding wader that habitually swims, picking food from water’s surface. Non-breeding life spent at sea. Adult female in summer has brown upperparts, with buff feather margins on back. Note white throat, dark cap and reddish orange neck; grey breast and mottled flanks grade to white underparts. Adult male in summer is similar but duller. Winter adult has grey upperparts, nape and hindcrown, white underparts and black eyepatch. Juvenile recalls winter adult but grey elements of plumage are mainly brown or buff; grey feathers acquired gradually. Voice Utters a sharp kip call. Status Mainly Arctic breeding species. Britain and Ireland are at S limit of range and hence rare and mainly in N. Nests beside freshwater pools. Best known as scarce passage migrant, seen mainly in wake of severe gales.